Pennsylvania Health information

Pennsylvania Health news

for ...
Wellness news for

Children's Health Quiz:
How sharp are you on important childrens' health issues?

By PennsylvaniaHealth.com writers. Not doctor reviewed. Read disclaimer.

From vaccines to cigarette smoking to dental practices, test your knowledge
of your children's or grandchildren's health with these important questions
(correct answer provided after each selection).

1. Parents should start cleaning their child's teeth as soon as the first tooth appears.

True False

Since primary teeth (often called baby teeth) are important for many reasons (for chewing, speaking, appearance and proper jaw development) they should be cared for. Plus, starting good dental hygeine at an early age helps children continue these good habits throughout their life. However, since an infants gums may be sore as baby teeth appear, it's best to wipe those first teeth daily with a clean, damp cloth. Switch to a small, soft toothbrush and only water as teeth until the age of 2. About that time, a child's ability to spit has developed so fluoride toothpaste can be used.

2. Children younger than age six should use enough toothpaste with fluoride to cover the toothbrush.

True False

Young children should use only a pea sized amount of fluoride toothpaste and they should always spit it out (not swallow it). This is because excess fluoride consumption in young children can cause dental fluorosis -- a condition where their later, permanent teeth are mottled with white spots. Since most toothpastes taste good, the temptation to swallow is great. To make certain children are brushing properly, spitting out, rather than swallowing their toothpaste, and rinsing well, children should be supervised when brushing.

Important tooth brushing tips include:

  • brush at least twice a day (but, to prevent possible gum damage, no more than 3 times a day).
  • use a soft or extra-soft bristle brush and press lightly.
  • by the time we have a full mouth of teeth, we should be brushing for at least 2 minutes, which is the minimum time needed for most of us to thoroughly clean our teeth.
  • get a new toothbrush every 3 months or when the bristles start to flare.
  • don't forget to floss daily, since flossing reaches areas that your toothbrush can't.

For more toothbrushing tips and techniques, visit How to Take Care of Your Toothbrush and Brush Up on Healthy Teeth. By the way, HOW you brush your teeth matters. The modified Bass technique has been shown to significantly superior to regular tooth brushing when it comes to plaque removal.

While permanent teeth usually start appearing around age 6 or 7, they will continue to come in through the teenage years and perhaps even into early adulthood.

3. A parent or other family member's attitude about using tobacco influences a teenager's tobacco behaviors.

True False

Parental attitude is very important in influencing teenagers' tobacco use.

4. Birth defects are the leading cause of death in children and teenagers.

True False

In the United States, injuries are the leading cause of death.

5. Vaccines protect children against nine potentially serious diseases.

True False

Vaccines protect against 12 potentially serious diseases.

6. Kids should wash their hands vigorously for 20 seconds to remove germs.

True False

Proper hand washing is important for kids and grown-ups.

7. For babies under six months old, sunscreen is the best defense against sunburn.

True False

A baby's best defense against sunburn is staying out of the sun.

8. Children should get at least 20-30 minutes of physical activity on all or most days of the week.

True False

The recommendation is for at least 60 minutes of activity almost every day of the week.

9. By the age of 20, the average woman has acquired almost all of her skeletal bone mass.

True False

That makes it important for young girls and boys to build their bones early in life to help promote higher bone mass as he or she ages. Important steps are to make certain all kids get adequate Vitamin D (primarily through safe sun exposure, supplements and fortified foods), calcium (through a healthy diet), and physical activity.

Sources:
http://www.ada.org/sections/scienceAndResearch/pdfs/forthedentalpatient_dec2011.pdf
http://www.bestbonesforever.gov/parents/educator/index.cfm

sponsor messagesponsor message

Join the conversations:
pointing

Pennsylvania Health topics being discussed here:

  • childrens health
  • childrens dental health
  • exercise can help with depression
  • how good HDL cholesterol helps protect the heart
  • calcium deficiency
From the Pennsylvania Health Research Desk...
exercise for help with depression
Exercise can help with depression

Durham, North Carolina: When it comes to mild or moderate depression, regular exercise may have comparable benefits to antidepressant medication, say researchers from Duke University.

In a study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, scientists divided 202 adults diagnosed with depression into four groups: one group engaged in aerobic exercise at home, one group exercised in a class setting, one group received antidepressant medication, and the fourth group received a placebo.

After 16 weeks, 41% of the participants no longer met the criteria for major depressive disorder. In the class-exercise group, 45% achieved remission of depression; at-home exercise group, 40%; medication group, 47%; and the placebo group, 31%.

How increases in HDL "good" cholesterol help protect the heart

Cleveland, Ohio: Researchers at The Cleveland Clinic found as HDL "good" cholesterol increased, the risk of cardiovascular events decreased. With each 1% increase in HDL, there was a 2% decrease in cardiovascular events.

Scientists reanalyzed 143 retired military personnel who had been in the Armed Forces Regression Study to determine the cardiovascular outcome from the HDL raising therapy they received as part of the study. In the original study, they were given a combination of medication or placebos in addition to aggressive lifestyle changes (diet and exercise).

Researchers assessed the participants based on the change in their HDL status: no increase, mild increase and large increase. They discovered that as HDL cholesterol went up, the risk of cardiovascular events went down.

calcium deficiency
North Americans may be calcium deficient

Storrs, Connecticut: North Americans may not be getting enough calcium in their diets, according to a study in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. The study was unique in that it evaluated both dietary and supplemental sources of calcium and compared them to patterns in overall energy intake.

Researchers from the University of Connecticut and Yale University analyzed data on 9,475 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They found that self-reported calcium intake was highest among older age groups but still failed to meet the recommended amounts. Participants also "reported their energy intake; as people age, they eat less food and therefore get less calcium.

Study authors found that 51% of individuals over 19 years old were taking a supplement. However, although supplement use increased with age, dietary calcium intake decreased.

Popular Pennsylvania Health Posts...
Today's World Health News...
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
The latest stories from the Health section of the BBC News web site.

10/31/2014 11:31 AM
UN chief defends Ebola aid workers
UN chief Ban Ki-moon says discrimination against humanitarian workers who return home from the Ebola crisis in West Africa is "unacceptable".
10/28/2014 10:35 AM
Google developing a cancer detector
Google is attempting to diagnose cancers, heart attack risks and other ailments with a system that combines nanoparticles and a wrist-worn sensor.
10/28/2014 05:57 PM
Drinking milk 'may not protect bones'
Drinking large amounts of milk may not lower the risk of bone fractures, a study in the British Medical Journal suggests.
10/28/2014 05:10 AM
Body has 'rush hour' transformation
Two "rush hours" every day profoundly change the way the body works, scientists have discovered.
10/24/2014 04:27 PM
Cancer-killing cells made in the lab
Scientists from Harvard Medical School have discovered a way of turning stem cells into killing machines to fight brain cancer.
10/26/2014 07:59 PM
US Ebola nurse 'plans legal action'
A US nurse held in quarantine in New Jersey after treating Ebola patients in West Africa says she will challenge her confinement in court.
10/24/2014 05:00 AM
First transplant of 'dead' heart
Surgeons in Australia say they have performed the first heart transplant using a "dead heart".
10/23/2014 05:15 AM
Later sunsets 'make kids more active'
Moving the clocks forward by one extra hour all year could lead to children getting two more minutes of exercise every day, say UK researchers.
10/22/2014 08:17 AM
'Nine million have TB' - WHO report
The World Health Organization revises its estimate as to how many people have tuberculosis up by 500,000, in its latest report into the killer disease.
10/22/2014 12:51 AM
Male genes linked to early death
The male Y sex chromosome may have a role in prolonging men's lives and fighting cancer, according to a study.
L.A. Times - Health
L.A. Times - Health
Headlines from Los Angeles Times

10/31/2014 03:00 PM
Small steps everyone can take to arrive at greater joy
Chances are you could be happier — and it would probably be worth your while, as research shows that happiness breeds health, money, stronger relationships, better marriages and more. But who has time to cultivate joy when there is so much to worry about?
10/31/2014 03:00 PM
The loopholes that help bad habits block happiness
Habits can make or break happiness, says Gretchen Rubin, the author of "The Happiness Project." Habits, she says, are "the invisible architecture of everyday life and a significant element of happiness."
10/31/2014 04:30 PM
Nail polish heir Robbie Schaeffer jumps on his passion for bicycling
Growing up, Robbie Schaeffer always assumed he would join OPI Products, the nail polish empire his father founded (and which was bought by Coty Inc. in 2010). And so he became a licensed nail technician and opened a salon in Studio City. But then Schaeffer switched gears, literally. A...
10/31/2014 12:00 AM
Gym Rat: Quick, effective workout on Da Vinci BodyBoard at Pilates Studio City
Who hasn't complained about the time it takes to work out? For those days when time is about as precious as a Birkin handbag, there's a class that cuts the time in half without cutting the sweat. At a cozy little studio in Studio City, I spent a half-hour pushing and pulling muscles on a Da...
All Mayo Clinic health information topics
All Mayo Clinic health information topics
Mayo Clinic offers award-winning medical and health information and tools for healthy living.

11/01/2014 12:00 AM
Flu tracker

10/23/2014 12:00 AM
Asthma: Limit asthma attacks caused by colds or flu

10/23/2014 12:00 AM
Medical history: Compiling your medical family tree

10/22/2014 12:00 AM
Foreign object inhaled: First aid

10/22/2014 12:00 AM
Hand-washing: Do's and don'ts

10/22/2014 12:00 AM
Thanksgiving recipes: Delicious and healthy options

10/22/2014 12:00 AM
Staying healthy in school: Kid-friendly tips

10/21/2014 12:00 AM
Severe bleeding: First aid

10/18/2014 12:00 AM
Cancer pain: Relief is possible

10/18/2014 12:00 AM
Complementary and alternative medicine

10/18/2014 12:00 AM
Supplements: Nutrition in a pill?

We welcome your Feedback...
 
Add new comment
Comments are moderated; please expect a delay.
Our moderators are not doctors and do not provide medical advice.
 

feedback
news@PennsylvaniaHealth.com

Copyright 2014 PennsylvaniaHealth.com. All rights reserved.

We offer PennsylvaniaHealth.com as an educational tool only. The information found here should never be seen as a replacement for professional medical advice. In order to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any specific health condition, please consult with a physician or health care provider. PennsylvaniaHealth.com is a commercial website, not associated with, or endorsed by, any government agency, university or medical center. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE: We may receive compensation for some of the products mentioned here.
Please read our Terms of Use | Privacy Policy

pureformulas vitamins