caring for both children and parents

Children's Health Quiz:
How sharp are you on important childrens' health issues?

From vaccines to dental practices, test your knowledge
of your children's or grandchildren's health with these important questions
(correct answer provided after each selection).

SHOP Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Vitamins & Nutritional Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

1. Parents should start cleaning their child's teeth as soon as the first tooth appears.

True False

Since primary teeth (often called baby teeth) are important for many reasons (for chewing, speaking, appearance and proper jaw development), they should be cared for. Plus, starting good dental hygeine at an early age helps children continue these good habits throughout their life. However, since an infants gums may be sore as baby teeth appear, it's best to wipe those first teeth daily with a clean, damp cloth. Switch to a small, soft toothbrush and only water as teeth until the age of 2. About that time, a child's ability to spit has developed so fluoride toothpaste can be used.

2. Children younger than age six should use enough toothpaste with fluoride to cover the toothbrush.

True False

Young children should use only a pea sized amount of fluoride toothpaste and they should always spit it out (not swallow it). This is because excess fluoride consumption in young children can cause dental fluorosis -- a condition where their later, permanent teeth are mottled with white spots. Since most toothpastes taste good, the temptation to swallow is great. To make certain children are brushing properly, spitting out, rather than swallowing their toothpaste, and rinsing well, children should be supervised when brushing.

Important tooth brushing tips include:

  • brush at least twice a day (but, to prevent possible gum damage, no more than 3 times a day).
  • use a soft or extra-soft bristle brush and press lightly.
  • by the time we have a full mouth of teeth, we should be brushing for at least 2 minutes, which is the minimum time needed for most of us to thoroughly clean our teeth.
  • get a new toothbrush every 3 months or when the bristles start to flare.
  • don't forget to floss daily, since flossing reaches areas that your toothbrush can't.

For more toothbrushing tips and techniques, visit How to Take Care of Your Toothbrush and Brush Up on Healthy Teeth. By the way, HOW you brush your teeth matters. The modified Bass technique has been shown to significantly superior to regular tooth brushing when it comes to plaque removal.

While permanent teeth usually start appearing around age 6 or 7, they will continue to come in through the teenage years and perhaps even into early adulthood.

3. On average, childhood vaccines are as much as 78% effective at preventing diseases.

True False

4. Birth defects are the leading cause of death in children and teenagers.

True False

5. Vaccines protect children against nine potentially serious diseases.

True False

6. Kids should wash their hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds to remove germs.

True False

7. For babies under six months old, sunscreen is the best defense against sunburn.

True False

8. Children should get at least 20-30 minutes of physical activity on all or most days of the week.

True False

9. By the age of 18, the average woman has acquired almost all of her skeletal bone mass.

True False

From the Pennsylvania Health Research Desk...

exercise for help with depression
Exercise can help with depression

Durham, North Carolina: When it comes to mild or moderate depression, regular exercise may have comparable benefits to antidepressant medication, say researchers from Duke University.

In a study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, scientists divided 202 adults diagnosed with depression into four groups: one group engaged in aerobic exercise at home, one group exercised in a class setting, one group received antidepressant medication, and the fourth group received a placebo.

After 16 weeks, 41% of the participants no longer met the criteria for major depressive disorder. In the class-exercise group, 45% achieved remission of depression; at-home exercise group, 40%; medication group, 47%; and the placebo group, 31%.

How increases in HDL "good" cholesterol help protect the heart

Cleveland, Ohio: Researchers at The Cleveland Clinic found as HDL "good" cholesterol increased, the risk of cardiovascular events decreased. With each 1% increase in HDL, there was a 2% decrease in cardiovascular events.

Scientists reanalyzed 143 retired military personnel who had been in the Armed Forces Regression Study to determine the cardiovascular outcome from the HDL raising therapy they received as part of the study. In the original study, they were given a combination of medication or placebos in addition to aggressive lifestyle changes (diet and exercise).

Researchers assessed the participants based on the change in their HDL status: no increase, mild increase and large increase. They discovered that as HDL cholesterol went up, the risk of cardiovascular events went down.

pitcher of milk
North Americans may be calcium deficient

Storrs, Connecticut: North Americans may not be getting enough calcium in their diets, according to a study in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. The study was unique in that it evaluated both dietary and supplemental sources of calcium and compared them to patterns in overall energy intake.

Researchers from the University of Connecticut and Yale University analyzed data on 9,475 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They found that self-reported calcium intake was highest among older age groups but still failed to meet the recommended amounts. Participants also "reported their energy intake; as people age, they eat less food and therefore get less calcium.

SHOP NOW for Low Prices on Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Calcium Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

Study authors found that 51% of individuals over 19 years old were taking a supplement. However, although supplement use increased with age, dietary calcium intake decreased.

Low Prices on Best Selling VITAMINS &
SUPPLEMENTS

SHOP NOW AT AMAZON

Join the conversations:
spacer
A Sampling of Today's Health News Headlines
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
03/24/2017 01:14 AM
British scientists in world-first TB breakthrough
British scientists say they now isolate different strains and so diagnose sufferers within days.
03/23/2017 10:13 PM
Discovery enables 'mass produced blood'
Lab-made blood could solve the shortage of some blood types.
03/24/2017 10:15 AM
US healthcare bill: Trump issues Friday vote ultimatum
The president demands a make-or-break vote on Friday on a new healthcare bill to replace Obamacare.
03/23/2017 12:00 PM
Drug 'reverses' ageing in animal tests
Mice had more stamina, hair and improved organ function with the drug.
03/23/2017 08:43 PM
Major pancreatic cancer study launched
A new pancreatic cancer project is to find ways to speed up scientific discovery to improve the survival rates of patients.
03/21/2017 01:17 PM
Risky operation removes parasitic twin from baby
Baby Dominique is recovering in the US after an operation to separate her from her parasitic twin.
03/21/2017 05:12 AM
Spider venom may offer stroke therapy
Protein extracted from funnel webs may help minimise the effects of brain damage after a stroke.
03/20/2017 09:25 PM
'Wide awake drunk' on energy drinks and alcohol mix
Mixing caffeine-laden energy drinks with alcohol is a risky combination on a night out, scientists warn.
03/20/2017 10:18 AM
Doctor admits misleading over Ebola
Dr Hannah Ryan took the temperature of Scottish nurse Pauline Cafferkey hours before she fell seriously ill.
03/20/2017 04:43 AM
Happiness report: Norway is the happiest place on Earth
It beats Denmark to the top spot as the UN ranks countries to mark international happiness day.
L.A. Times - Health
L.A. Times - Health
Health news with a focus on fitness news, wellness coverage and living a healthy Southern California life.
03/22/2017 04:15 PM
This workout takes less than an hour, but you'll feel it for days

In recent years, cross training has been practically monopolized by the popularity of its trademarked offspring, CrossFit. But now in Sherman Oaks there’s a new contender: XO Cross Over Fitness.

What makes it different? High-intensity but low-impact, XO Cross Over Fitness combines traditional Pilates reformers...


03/23/2017 05:00 PM
They want to enlist 1 million yoga fans for the world's largest class

Sunset asanas turn into a dance party; kidney health gets an up-close look; an influential women’s group makes wellness a focus; and the world’s biggest yoga gathering kicks off. Here’s a look at four events you want to know about:

Expect to see a long line outside Lululemon's SweatBox interactive...


03/23/2017 02:00 PM
Why actor Josh Lucas will never let his son play tackle football

Actor Josh Lucas’ activism in social causes started young. He spent his early childhood traveling with his parents as they organized civil protests across the country. “They believed the government was spending too much on building nuclear weapons instead of on education, nutrition and healthcare,”...


03/15/2017 10:00 AM
9 ways to give your running gear a spring makeover

Even if you’re not racing in the Los Angeles Marathon on Sunday, the mere sight of so many fit, active people ought to inspire you to bump up your running routine.

Sometimes, all it takes to improve your performance or motivation is an upgrade in gear. Athletic supply companies know this and have...


All Mayo Clinic health information topics
All Mayo Clinic health information topics
Mayo Clinic offers award-winning medical and health information and tools for healthy living.
03/22/2017 12:00 AM
Video: Uterine fibroids treatment — Focused ultrasound
Uterine fibroids treatment doesn't have to mean surgery or hormone-suppressing medication. MRI-focused ultrasound destroys fibroids with sound waves.
03/22/2017 12:00 AM
Mayo Clinic Healthy Weight Pyramid: A sample menu

03/22/2017 12:00 AM
Desk stretches: Video collection

03/22/2017 12:00 AM
Decrease stress by using your breath

03/17/2017 12:00 AM
Slide show: A look inside your eyes

Curious about your eyes? Take a behind-the-scenes look at how your eyes work.


03/14/2017 12:00 AM
How fit are you? See how you measure up

03/10/2017 12:00 AM
Conventional treatment for osteoporosis

03/10/2017 12:00 AM
How osteoporosis is diagnosed

03/10/2017 12:00 AM
Osteoporosis and nutrition: 5 key steps

03/09/2017 12:00 AM
Bone and joint problems associated with diabetes

03/09/2017 12:00 AM
Healthy bones for a lifetime

 
feedback
news@PennsylvaniaHealth.com
Copyright 2017 PennsylvaniaHealth.com. All rights reserved. rss Subscribe to our RSS
Information provided here should not be relied on to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition, disease or illness. Please consult with your physician or health care professional for guidance on any health concern. PennsylvaniaHealth.com is a commercial website and is not affiliated with any government agency, university, or private medical center. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE: This site may be compensated for products promoted here. Read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.