caring for both children and parents

Children's Health Quiz:
How sharp are you on important childrens' health issues?

From vaccines to dental practices, test your knowledge
of your children's or grandchildren's health with these important questions
(correct answer provided after each selection).

SHOP Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Vitamins & Nutritional Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

1. Parents should start cleaning their child's teeth as soon as the first tooth appears.

True False

Since primary teeth (often called baby teeth) are important for many reasons (for chewing, speaking, appearance and proper jaw development), they should be cared for. Plus, starting good dental hygeine at an early age helps children continue these good habits throughout their life. However, since an infants gums may be sore as baby teeth appear, it's best to wipe those first teeth daily with a clean, damp cloth. Switch to a small, soft toothbrush and only water as teeth until the age of 2. About that time, a child's ability to spit has developed so fluoride toothpaste can be used.

2. Children younger than age six should use enough toothpaste with fluoride to cover the toothbrush.

True False

Young children should use only a pea sized amount of fluoride toothpaste and they should always spit it out (not swallow it). This is because excess fluoride consumption in young children can cause dental fluorosis -- a condition where their later, permanent teeth are mottled with white spots. Since most toothpastes taste good, the temptation to swallow is great. To make certain children are brushing properly, spitting out, rather than swallowing their toothpaste, and rinsing well, children should be supervised when brushing.

Important tooth brushing tips include:

  • brush at least twice a day (but, to prevent possible gum damage, no more than 3 times a day).
  • use a soft or extra-soft bristle brush and press lightly.
  • by the time we have a full mouth of teeth, we should be brushing for at least 2 minutes, which is the minimum time needed for most of us to thoroughly clean our teeth.
  • get a new toothbrush every 3 months or when the bristles start to flare.
  • don't forget to floss daily, since flossing reaches areas that your toothbrush can't.

For more toothbrushing tips and techniques, visit How to Take Care of Your Toothbrush and Brush Up on Healthy Teeth. By the way, HOW you brush your teeth matters. The modified Bass technique has been shown to significantly superior to regular tooth brushing when it comes to plaque removal.

While permanent teeth usually start appearing around age 6 or 7, they will continue to come in through the teenage years and perhaps even into early adulthood.

3. On average, childhood vaccines are as much as 78% effective at preventing diseases.

True False

4. Birth defects are the leading cause of death in children and teenagers.

True False

5. Vaccines protect children against nine potentially serious diseases.

True False

6. Kids should wash their hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds to remove germs.

True False

7. For babies under six months old, sunscreen is the best defense against sunburn.

True False

8. Children should get at least 20-30 minutes of physical activity on all or most days of the week.

True False

9. By the age of 18, the average woman has acquired almost all of her skeletal bone mass.

True False

From the Pennsylvania Health Research Desk...

exercise for help with depression
Exercise can help with depression

Durham, North Carolina: When it comes to mild or moderate depression, regular exercise may have comparable benefits to antidepressant medication, say researchers from Duke University.

In a study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, scientists divided 202 adults diagnosed with depression into four groups: one group engaged in aerobic exercise at home, one group exercised in a class setting, one group received antidepressant medication, and the fourth group received a placebo.

After 16 weeks, 41% of the participants no longer met the criteria for major depressive disorder. In the class-exercise group, 45% achieved remission of depression; at-home exercise group, 40%; medication group, 47%; and the placebo group, 31%.

How increases in HDL "good" cholesterol help protect the heart

Cleveland, Ohio: Researchers at The Cleveland Clinic found as HDL "good" cholesterol increased, the risk of cardiovascular events decreased. With each 1% increase in HDL, there was a 2% decrease in cardiovascular events.

Scientists reanalyzed 143 retired military personnel who had been in the Armed Forces Regression Study to determine the cardiovascular outcome from the HDL raising therapy they received as part of the study. In the original study, they were given a combination of medication or placebos in addition to aggressive lifestyle changes (diet and exercise).

Researchers assessed the participants based on the change in their HDL status: no increase, mild increase and large increase. They discovered that as HDL cholesterol went up, the risk of cardiovascular events went down.

pitcher of milk
North Americans may be calcium deficient

Storrs, Connecticut: North Americans may not be getting enough calcium in their diets, according to a study in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. The study was unique in that it evaluated both dietary and supplemental sources of calcium and compared them to patterns in overall energy intake.

Researchers from the University of Connecticut and Yale University analyzed data on 9,475 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They found that self-reported calcium intake was highest among older age groups but still failed to meet the recommended amounts. Participants also "reported their energy intake; as people age, they eat less food and therefore get less calcium.

SHOP NOW for Low Prices on Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Calcium Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

Study authors found that 51% of individuals over 19 years old were taking a supplement. However, although supplement use increased with age, dietary calcium intake decreased.

Low Prices on Best Selling VITAMINS &
SUPPLEMENTS

SHOP NOW AT AMAZON

Join the conversations:
spacer
A Sampling of Today's Health News Headlines
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
08/17/2017 08:17 AM
Peanut allergy treatment 'lasts up to four years'
Four years after children in a study took the oral treatment, 70% had no allergic reaction to peanuts.
08/15/2017 05:14 AM
Plants 'hijacked' to make polio vaccine
A breakthrough could lead to easier, faster and cheaper vaccines.
08/14/2017 12:13 PM
Yemen cholera epidemic: Cases exceed 500,000 in four months
The overall caseload has declined since early July, but 5,000 people a day are still being infected.
08/15/2017 06:42 AM
Japanese fungus spreading in UK hospitals
More than 200 patients have been infected, but none has died, Public Health England confirms.
08/14/2017 07:32 PM
'Fat but fit' still risk heart disease
Even if medical tests don't show up any problems, being overweight is bad for the heart, experts say.
08/14/2017 08:42 AM
Anger and hatred can make us feel happy, says study
People have higher life satisfaction if they feel emotions they desire - even if they are unpleasant.
08/14/2017 05:11 PM
NHS cyber-defender Marcus Hutchins back online
Marcus Hutchins was arrested earlier this month on a trip to cyber-security conferences in Las Vegas.
08/10/2017 09:01 PM
GM pigs take step to being organ donors
Pigs have been freed of viruses that stop them being viable organ donors.
08/15/2017 07:01 AM
Apology over Indian blood donation 'embarrassment'
A "communication breakdown" meant 100 members of the Indian community were not allowed to give blood.
08/14/2017 05:47 AM
Scottish ministers urged to lead fight against 'period poverty'
A Labour MSP says access to sanitary products should be a basic right for anyone who needs them.
L.A. Times - Health
L.A. Times - Health
Health news with a focus on fitness news, wellness coverage and living a healthy Southern California life.
08/17/2017 10:00 AM
Breast-feeding while working as a politics editor is hard. Here's how I survived the last seven months

I had no idea how difficult it would be to breast-feed my newborn son. As a first-time mom, nursing was so hard I started taking notes on my iPhone for a story I wanted to write about how none of the products marketed to make the practice easier were actually practical. It would be a screed on...


08/10/2017 05:00 PM
A great workout hike — with stunning views

The Verdugo Mountains separating the communities of Montrose and La Crescenta from Glendale and Burbank rise sharply and present impressive city and valley views. Here’s a brisk hike that will get you to the top in a hurry — huffing and puffing. Go early in the day to beat the heat. Take lots of...


08/10/2017 04:30 PM
Health happenings: Eat better, skip the treadmill and try a triathlon
A summary of classes and activities that help you feel good and live well.
08/03/2017 10:00 AM
7 things you need to know before buying sunglasses this summer
Do you know what to look for when buying sunglasses that will actually protect your eyes? Here's a primer.
All Mayo Clinic health information topics
All Mayo Clinic health information topics
Mayo Clinic offers award-winning medical and health information and tools for healthy living.
08/17/2017 12:00 AM
Sunburn: First aid

08/17/2017 12:00 AM
Cuts and scrapes: First aid

08/17/2017 12:00 AM
15 simple diet tweaks that could cut your Alzheimer's risk

08/17/2017 12:00 AM
Healthy cooking for singles or couples

08/16/2017 12:00 AM
Snakebites: First aid

08/16/2017 12:00 AM
Telehealth: Technology meets health care

08/16/2017 12:00 AM
Atkins Diet: What's behind the claims?

08/16/2017 12:00 AM
Puncture wounds: First aid

08/15/2017 12:00 AM
High blood pressure and pregnancy: Know the facts

08/15/2017 12:00 AM
Sexual health and aging: Keep the passion alive

08/11/2017 12:00 AM
Vegetarian recipes

 
feedback
news@PennsylvaniaHealth.com
Copyright 2017 PennsylvaniaHealth.com. All rights reserved. rss Subscribe to our RSS
Information provided here should not be relied on to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition, disease or illness. Please consult with your physician or health care professional for guidance on any health concern. PennsylvaniaHealth.com is a commercial website and is not affiliated with any government agency, university, or private medical center. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE: This site may be compensated for products promoted here. Read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.