caring for both children and parents

Children's Health Quiz:
How sharp are you on important childrens' health issues?

From vaccines to dental practices, test your knowledge
of your children's or grandchildren's health with these important questions
(correct answer provided after each selection).

SHOP Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Vitamins & Nutritional Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

1. Parents should start cleaning their child's teeth as soon as the first tooth appears.

True False

Since primary teeth (often called baby teeth) are important for many reasons (for chewing, speaking, appearance and proper jaw development), they should be cared for. Plus, starting good dental hygeine at an early age helps children continue these good habits throughout their life. However, since an infants gums may be sore as baby teeth appear, it's best to wipe those first teeth daily with a clean, damp cloth. Switch to a small, soft toothbrush and only water as teeth until the age of 2. About that time, a child's ability to spit has developed so fluoride toothpaste can be used.

2. Children younger than age six should use enough toothpaste with fluoride to cover the toothbrush.

True False

Young children should use only a pea sized amount of fluoride toothpaste and they should always spit it out (not swallow it). This is because excess fluoride consumption in young children can cause dental fluorosis -- a condition where their later, permanent teeth are mottled with white spots. Since most toothpastes taste good, the temptation to swallow is great. To make certain children are brushing properly, spitting out, rather than swallowing their toothpaste, and rinsing well, children should be supervised when brushing.

Important tooth brushing tips include:

  • brush at least twice a day (but, to prevent possible gum damage, no more than 3 times a day).
  • use a soft or extra-soft bristle brush and press lightly.
  • by the time we have a full mouth of teeth, we should be brushing for at least 2 minutes, which is the minimum time needed for most of us to thoroughly clean our teeth.
  • get a new toothbrush every 3 months or when the bristles start to flare.
  • don't forget to floss daily, since flossing reaches areas that your toothbrush can't.

For more toothbrushing tips and techniques, visit How to Take Care of Your Toothbrush and Brush Up on Healthy Teeth. By the way, HOW you brush your teeth matters. The modified Bass technique has been shown to significantly superior to regular tooth brushing when it comes to plaque removal.

While permanent teeth usually start appearing around age 6 or 7, they will continue to come in through the teenage years and perhaps even into early adulthood.

3. On average, childhood vaccines are as much as 78% effective at preventing diseases.

True False

4. Birth defects are the leading cause of death in children and teenagers.

True False

5. Vaccines protect children against nine potentially serious diseases.

True False

6. Kids should wash their hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds to remove germs.

True False

7. For babies under six months old, sunscreen is the best defense against sunburn.

True False

8. Children should get at least 20-30 minutes of physical activity on all or most days of the week.

True False

9. By the age of 18, the average woman has acquired almost all of her skeletal bone mass.

True False

From the Pennsylvania Health Research Desk...

exercise for help with depression
Exercise can help with depression

Durham, North Carolina: When it comes to mild or moderate depression, regular exercise may have comparable benefits to antidepressant medication, say researchers from Duke University.

In a study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, scientists divided 202 adults diagnosed with depression into four groups: one group engaged in aerobic exercise at home, one group exercised in a class setting, one group received antidepressant medication, and the fourth group received a placebo.

After 16 weeks, 41% of the participants no longer met the criteria for major depressive disorder. In the class-exercise group, 45% achieved remission of depression; at-home exercise group, 40%; medication group, 47%; and the placebo group, 31%.

How increases in HDL "good" cholesterol help protect the heart

Cleveland, Ohio: Researchers at The Cleveland Clinic found as HDL "good" cholesterol increased, the risk of cardiovascular events decreased. With each 1% increase in HDL, there was a 2% decrease in cardiovascular events.

Scientists reanalyzed 143 retired military personnel who had been in the Armed Forces Regression Study to determine the cardiovascular outcome from the HDL raising therapy they received as part of the study. In the original study, they were given a combination of medication or placebos in addition to aggressive lifestyle changes (diet and exercise).

Researchers assessed the participants based on the change in their HDL status: no increase, mild increase and large increase. They discovered that as HDL cholesterol went up, the risk of cardiovascular events went down.

pitcher of milk
North Americans may be calcium deficient

Storrs, Connecticut: North Americans may not be getting enough calcium in their diets, according to a study in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. The study was unique in that it evaluated both dietary and supplemental sources of calcium and compared them to patterns in overall energy intake.

Researchers from the University of Connecticut and Yale University analyzed data on 9,475 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They found that self-reported calcium intake was highest among older age groups but still failed to meet the recommended amounts. Participants also "reported their energy intake; as people age, they eat less food and therefore get less calcium.

SHOP NOW for Low Prices on Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Calcium Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

Study authors found that 51% of individuals over 19 years old were taking a supplement. However, although supplement use increased with age, dietary calcium intake decreased.

Low Prices on Best Selling VITAMINS &
SUPPLEMENTS

SHOP NOW AT AMAZON

Join the conversations:
spacer
A Sampling of Today's Health News Headlines
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
06/17/2021 07:06 PM
Are Asia's Covid 'winners' entering shaky new territory?
The places that were best at keeping Covid at bay are now struggling with their exit strategies.
06/21/2021 07:54 AM
Covid-19: Matt Hancock hopes to scrap isolation for double-jabbed contacts
Daily testing will replace 10-day isolation if a pilot is effective, the health secretary says.
06/18/2021 01:42 AM
Record number of displaced people despite Covid: UN refugee agency
Some 82 million people have been forcibly displaced, more than 1% of the world's population.
06/16/2021 01:15 AM
Another life-saving Covid treatment found
Monoclonal antibody therapy, given by drip, can save some of the sickest hospital patients.
06/13/2021 01:54 PM
G7: World leaders promise one billion Covid vaccine doses for poorer nations
PM Boris Johnson rejects criticism the donation is not enough, saying "we are going flat out".
06/15/2021 04:09 PM
Covid: US death toll passes 600,000 as vaccination rate slows
Amid falling vaccination rates, the US maintains global records for both total cases and deaths.
06/14/2021 05:10 AM
Headache and runny nose linked to Delta variant
People may need to be on the lookout for different Covid symptoms, according to researchers.
06/11/2021 05:39 AM
Covax: How many Covid vaccines have the US and the other G7 countries pledged?
The US is set to confirm it will give 500m doses of the Pfizer vaccine to the international Covax scheme.
06/14/2021 05:30 AM
Coronavirus G7: Could a billion more vaccines for poorer countries make a difference?
How much difference could the G7 offer of a billion vaccines make to tackling the pandemic?
06/16/2021 08:30 AM
Covovax, Biological E: What we know about India's new Covid-19 vaccines
Amid shortages, India is likely to offer two new vaccines to citizens by the end of the year.
L.A. Times - Health
L.A. Times - Health
Coronavirus and COVID-19 pandemic and health news.
06/21/2021 06:00 AM
Letters to the Editor: I am vaccinated and, now, unmasked. Why shouldn't I be?

Going around wearing a mask when you are vaccinated and healthy is neurotic, not normal.


06/19/2021 05:36 PM
Border COVID-19 vaccination plan with U.S.-donated shots starts in Baja California

This COVID-19 vaccination strategy is considered key to reopen the U.S.-Mexico land border crossing, which has been closed to nonessential travel.


06/19/2021 08:00 AM
L.A.'s COVID-19 death rate falls below that of Bay Area in another sign of widening recovery

L.A. County is reporting about two COVID-19 deaths a day, while the Bay Area is reporting four.


06/19/2021 06:00 AM
Opinion: Meet post-June 15 California, which feels a lot like pre-June 15 California

California has finally reopened its economy after more than a year of COVID restrictions, but many readers are wary of resuming 'normal' life.


All Mayo Clinic health information topics
All Mayo Clinic health information topics
Mayo Clinic offers award-winning medical and health information and tools for healthy living.
06/19/2021 12:00 AM
Slide show: Proper lifting techniques
Lifting heavy objects can take a toll on your back. To prevent problems, follow this step-by-step guide to proper lifting techniques.
06/19/2021 12:00 AM
Slide show: Back exercises in 15 minutes a day
It's often easier to prevent back pain than to treat it. Start with this step-by-step guide for stretching and strengthening your back.
06/18/2021 12:00 AM
Cancer treatment decisions: 5 steps to help you decide

06/17/2021 12:00 AM
Exercise intensity: How to measure it

06/17/2021 12:00 AM
Sex education: Talking to toddlers and preschoolers about sex

06/16/2021 12:00 AM
Coping with stress: Workplace tips

06/16/2021 12:00 AM
Caregiving for someone with atrial fibrillation

06/15/2021 12:00 AM
Vaginal bleeding

06/15/2021 12:00 AM
Video: Barium enema

06/12/2021 12:00 AM
Numbness in hands

06/12/2021 12:00 AM
Birth control pill FAQ: Benefits, risks and choices

 
Copyright 2021 PennsylvaniaHealth.com. All rights reserved. rss Subscribe to our RSS
Information provided here should not be relied on to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition, disease or illness. Please consult with your physician or health care professional for guidance on any health concern. PennsylvaniaHealth.com is a commercial website and is not affiliated with any government agency, university, or private medical center. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE: This site may be compensated for products promoted here. Read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.