caring for both children and parents

Children's Health Quiz:
How sharp are you on important childrens' health issues?

From vaccines to dental practices, test your knowledge
of your children's or grandchildren's health with these important questions
(correct answer provided after each selection).

SHOP Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Vitamins & Nutritional Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

1. Parents should start cleaning their child's teeth as soon as the first tooth appears.

True False

Since primary teeth (often called baby teeth) are important for many reasons (for chewing, speaking, appearance and proper jaw development), they should be cared for. Plus, starting good dental hygeine at an early age helps children continue these good habits throughout their life. However, since an infants gums may be sore as baby teeth appear, it's best to wipe those first teeth daily with a clean, damp cloth. Switch to a small, soft toothbrush and only water as teeth until the age of 2. About that time, a child's ability to spit has developed so fluoride toothpaste can be used.

2. Children younger than age six should use enough toothpaste with fluoride to cover the toothbrush.

True False

Young children should use only a pea sized amount of fluoride toothpaste and they should always spit it out (not swallow it). This is because excess fluoride consumption in young children can cause dental fluorosis -- a condition where their later, permanent teeth are mottled with white spots. Since most toothpastes taste good, the temptation to swallow is great. To make certain children are brushing properly, spitting out, rather than swallowing their toothpaste, and rinsing well, children should be supervised when brushing.

Important tooth brushing tips include:

  • brush at least twice a day (but, to prevent possible gum damage, no more than 3 times a day).
  • use a soft or extra-soft bristle brush and press lightly.
  • by the time we have a full mouth of teeth, we should be brushing for at least 2 minutes, which is the minimum time needed for most of us to thoroughly clean our teeth.
  • get a new toothbrush every 3 months or when the bristles start to flare.
  • don't forget to floss daily, since flossing reaches areas that your toothbrush can't.

For more toothbrushing tips and techniques, visit How to Take Care of Your Toothbrush and Brush Up on Healthy Teeth. By the way, HOW you brush your teeth matters. The modified Bass technique has been shown to significantly superior to regular tooth brushing when it comes to plaque removal.

While permanent teeth usually start appearing around age 6 or 7, they will continue to come in through the teenage years and perhaps even into early adulthood.

3. On average, childhood vaccines are as much as 78% effective at preventing diseases.

True False

4. Birth defects are the leading cause of death in children and teenagers.

True False

5. Vaccines protect children against nine potentially serious diseases.

True False

6. Kids should wash their hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds to remove germs.

True False

7. For babies under six months old, sunscreen is the best defense against sunburn.

True False

8. Children should get at least 20-30 minutes of physical activity on all or most days of the week.

True False

9. By the age of 18, the average woman has acquired almost all of her skeletal bone mass.

True False

From the Pennsylvania Health Research Desk...

exercise for help with depression
Exercise can help with depression

Durham, North Carolina: When it comes to mild or moderate depression, regular exercise may have comparable benefits to antidepressant medication, say researchers from Duke University.

In a study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, scientists divided 202 adults diagnosed with depression into four groups: one group engaged in aerobic exercise at home, one group exercised in a class setting, one group received antidepressant medication, and the fourth group received a placebo.

After 16 weeks, 41% of the participants no longer met the criteria for major depressive disorder. In the class-exercise group, 45% achieved remission of depression; at-home exercise group, 40%; medication group, 47%; and the placebo group, 31%.

How increases in HDL "good" cholesterol help protect the heart

Cleveland, Ohio: Researchers at The Cleveland Clinic found as HDL "good" cholesterol increased, the risk of cardiovascular events decreased. With each 1% increase in HDL, there was a 2% decrease in cardiovascular events.

Scientists reanalyzed 143 retired military personnel who had been in the Armed Forces Regression Study to determine the cardiovascular outcome from the HDL raising therapy they received as part of the study. In the original study, they were given a combination of medication or placebos in addition to aggressive lifestyle changes (diet and exercise).

Researchers assessed the participants based on the change in their HDL status: no increase, mild increase and large increase. They discovered that as HDL cholesterol went up, the risk of cardiovascular events went down.

pitcher of milk
North Americans may be calcium deficient

Storrs, Connecticut: North Americans may not be getting enough calcium in their diets, according to a study in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. The study was unique in that it evaluated both dietary and supplemental sources of calcium and compared them to patterns in overall energy intake.

Researchers from the University of Connecticut and Yale University analyzed data on 9,475 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They found that self-reported calcium intake was highest among older age groups but still failed to meet the recommended amounts. Participants also "reported their energy intake; as people age, they eat less food and therefore get less calcium.

SHOP NOW for Low Prices on Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Calcium Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

Study authors found that 51% of individuals over 19 years old were taking a supplement. However, although supplement use increased with age, dietary calcium intake decreased.

Low Prices on Best Selling VITAMINS &
SUPPLEMENTS

SHOP NOW AT AMAZON

Join the conversations:
spacer
A Sampling of Today's Health News Headlines
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
07/13/2019 12:27 AM
Ministers may advise on how much sleep people need
The advice is expected to form part of a series of proposals aimed at improving public health.
07/11/2019 08:13 PM
Good gut bacteria 'helps starving children'
A diet of bananas and peanuts boosted key gut microbes in Bangladeshi children, a study found.
07/10/2019 08:00 PM
Are sugary drinks causing cancer?
A study suggests a link for both fizzy pop and fruit juices, although the reason is not clear.
07/09/2019 08:04 PM
Vaginal bacteria linked to ovarian cancer
Women with fewer "friendly" vaginal bacteria appear to be at greater risk, study finds.
07/10/2019 03:40 AM
Australian seagulls carry antibiotic-resistant superbugs
At least 20% of the most common gulls carry the bacteria, which scientists fear can be passed on to humans.
07/08/2019 07:10 PM
'Amazing' gene-silencing drugs reach NHS
Doctors say the drugs are making the "previously untreatable, treatable" and have huge potential.
07/09/2019 08:24 PM
It means he's not left out: How radio aids helped my deaf son
Radio aids can help young children with hearing loss - but not everyone can access them.
07/10/2019 07:07 AM
NHS fees: 'Couple couldn't take baby's body home'
Opposition growing to policy of charging overseas patients upfront for NHS care in England.
07/08/2019 07:09 PM
HPV vaccine for boys 'will prevent thousands of cancers'
All boys in the UK aged 12 to 13 will be offered the vaccine from the start of the new school year.
07/09/2019 07:00 PM
Excluded from school: How boxing helps teenagers with ADHD
Excluded from mainstream school, these teenagers explain how boxing helps them channel their ADHD.
L.A. Times - Health
L.A. Times - Health
Health news with a focus on fitness news, wellness coverage and living a healthy Southern California life.
06/06/2019 10:00 AM
Father’s day gifts that help a dad stay fit

Stumped for a Father’s Day gift? Toss out those old ideas about ties, whiskey and gift cards and search instead for things that will help the father figure in your life make his own health a priority.

Here are some options:

For the dad who’s obsessive about recycling: The Primus Lite II Bio from...


06/15/2019 10:00 AM
Why magician Penn Jillette fasts 23 hours a day to maintain his 100-pound weight loss

In 2014, Penn Jillette — the tall half of the popular Penn and Teller magic act — couldn’t walk up stairs and got winded speaking full sentences. At 6 feet, 6 inches and 330 pounds, he was hospitalized for his high blood pressure and a 90% heart blockage. Already taking six medications, he was...


06/28/2019 11:00 AM
Want to embrace mindfulness? Try a complaint cleanse first

If we all wore digital complaint trackers throughout the day — much like the Fitbits and similar devices that religiously count every step we walk — we’d probably be surprised by how much we moan about life’s daily irritations:

“Traffic is ruining my mornings!”

“My date last night was terrible....


06/15/2019 09:00 AM
Dance like you're in a BTS video? The K-pop workout that doesn't feel like work

You couldn’t wait to watch the K-pop group BTS perform on “Saturday Night Live.” You caught the septet’s sold-out concert at the Rose Bowl. And you sing along to “Boy With Luv” whenever and wherever it plays.

But no longer do you have to watch BTS music videos in the privacy of your bedroom, practicing...


 
Copyright 2019 PennsylvaniaHealth.com. All rights reserved. rss Subscribe to our RSS
Information provided here should not be relied on to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition, disease or illness. Please consult with your physician or health care professional for guidance on any health concern. PennsylvaniaHealth.com is a commercial website and is not affiliated with any government agency, university, or private medical center. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE: This site may be compensated for products promoted here. Read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.