caring for both children and parents

Children's Health Quiz:
How sharp are you on important childrens' health issues?

From vaccines to dental practices, test your knowledge
of your children's or grandchildren's health with these important questions
(correct answer provided after each selection).

SHOP Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Vitamins & Nutritional Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

1. Parents should start cleaning their child's teeth as soon as the first tooth appears.

True False

Since primary teeth (often called baby teeth) are important for many reasons (for chewing, speaking, appearance and proper jaw development), they should be cared for. Plus, starting good dental hygeine at an early age helps children continue these good habits throughout their life. However, since an infants gums may be sore as baby teeth appear, it's best to wipe those first teeth daily with a clean, damp cloth. Switch to a small, soft toothbrush and only water as teeth until the age of 2. About that time, a child's ability to spit has developed so fluoride toothpaste can be used.

2. Children younger than age six should use enough toothpaste with fluoride to cover the toothbrush.

True False

Young children should use only a pea sized amount of fluoride toothpaste and they should always spit it out (not swallow it). This is because excess fluoride consumption in young children can cause dental fluorosis -- a condition where their later, permanent teeth are mottled with white spots. Since most toothpastes taste good, the temptation to swallow is great. To make certain children are brushing properly, spitting out, rather than swallowing their toothpaste, and rinsing well, children should be supervised when brushing.

Important tooth brushing tips include:

  • brush at least twice a day (but, to prevent possible gum damage, no more than 3 times a day).
  • use a soft or extra-soft bristle brush and press lightly.
  • by the time we have a full mouth of teeth, we should be brushing for at least 2 minutes, which is the minimum time needed for most of us to thoroughly clean our teeth.
  • get a new toothbrush every 3 months or when the bristles start to flare.
  • don't forget to floss daily, since flossing reaches areas that your toothbrush can't.

For more toothbrushing tips and techniques, visit How to Take Care of Your Toothbrush and Brush Up on Healthy Teeth. By the way, HOW you brush your teeth matters. The modified Bass technique has been shown to significantly superior to regular tooth brushing when it comes to plaque removal.

While permanent teeth usually start appearing around age 6 or 7, they will continue to come in through the teenage years and perhaps even into early adulthood.

3. On average, childhood vaccines are as much as 78% effective at preventing diseases.

True False

4. Birth defects are the leading cause of death in children and teenagers.

True False

5. Vaccines protect children against nine potentially serious diseases.

True False

6. Kids should wash their hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds to remove germs.

True False

7. For babies under six months old, sunscreen is the best defense against sunburn.

True False

8. Children should get at least 20-30 minutes of physical activity on all or most days of the week.

True False

9. By the age of 18, the average woman has acquired almost all of her skeletal bone mass.

True False

From the Pennsylvania Health Research Desk...

exercise for help with depression
Exercise can help with depression

Durham, North Carolina: When it comes to mild or moderate depression, regular exercise may have comparable benefits to antidepressant medication, say researchers from Duke University.

In a study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, scientists divided 202 adults diagnosed with depression into four groups: one group engaged in aerobic exercise at home, one group exercised in a class setting, one group received antidepressant medication, and the fourth group received a placebo.

After 16 weeks, 41% of the participants no longer met the criteria for major depressive disorder. In the class-exercise group, 45% achieved remission of depression; at-home exercise group, 40%; medication group, 47%; and the placebo group, 31%.

How increases in HDL "good" cholesterol help protect the heart

Cleveland, Ohio: Researchers at The Cleveland Clinic found as HDL "good" cholesterol increased, the risk of cardiovascular events decreased. With each 1% increase in HDL, there was a 2% decrease in cardiovascular events.

Scientists reanalyzed 143 retired military personnel who had been in the Armed Forces Regression Study to determine the cardiovascular outcome from the HDL raising therapy they received as part of the study. In the original study, they were given a combination of medication or placebos in addition to aggressive lifestyle changes (diet and exercise).

Researchers assessed the participants based on the change in their HDL status: no increase, mild increase and large increase. They discovered that as HDL cholesterol went up, the risk of cardiovascular events went down.

pitcher of milk
North Americans may be calcium deficient

Storrs, Connecticut: North Americans may not be getting enough calcium in their diets, according to a study in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. The study was unique in that it evaluated both dietary and supplemental sources of calcium and compared them to patterns in overall energy intake.

Researchers from the University of Connecticut and Yale University analyzed data on 9,475 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They found that self-reported calcium intake was highest among older age groups but still failed to meet the recommended amounts. Participants also "reported their energy intake; as people age, they eat less food and therefore get less calcium.

SHOP NOW for Low Prices on Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Calcium Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

Study authors found that 51% of individuals over 19 years old were taking a supplement. However, although supplement use increased with age, dietary calcium intake decreased.

Low Prices on Best Selling VITAMINS &
SUPPLEMENTS

SHOP NOW AT AMAZON

Join the conversations:
spacer
A Sampling of Today's Health News Headlines
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
10/17/2019 10:18 PM
Fat found in overweight people's lungs
The findings could explain why being overweight or obese increases asthma risk, researchers say.
10/16/2019 08:42 PM
Microphone could diagnose 'noisy' arthritic knees
The technology is the same as that used by engineers to listen for faults in bridges.
10/16/2019 08:48 PM
Genetic tests: Experts urge caution over home testing
People should not make health decisions based on genetic tests they do at home, experts warn.
10/16/2019 09:06 AM
Tafida Raqeeb: Brain-damaged girl arrives in Italy
Hospital bosses in the UK had tried to block attempts to move Tafida Raqeeb to the hospital in Genoa.
10/15/2019 03:13 PM
Deadly parasite 'jumped' from gorilla to humans
Discovery of mutation 50,000 years ago could help in the fight against malaria.
10/15/2019 09:19 PM
How dad saved son from 'scalding cuppa' scars
Each year hundreds of young UK children end up in hospital with severe but avoidable coffee and tea scalds, like Archie.
10/15/2019 09:18 PM
NHS screening 'needs to fit with busy lives'
Mobile clinics and evening and weekend opening could help increase uptake of NHS screening programmes.
10/14/2019 07:55 PM
Head injuries: Cheap drug 'could save thousands of lives a year'
A cheap, common drug could save hundreds of thousands of lives a year if used routinely, doctors say.
10/14/2019 07:56 PM
More than half of A&Es 'not good enough'
The government in England must find a solution for social care to ease pressure, the regulator says.
10/14/2019 07:57 PM
Vaping: 'I'm 17, and rarely ID'd for e-cigs'
Almost 40% of sellers targeted by councils sold vaping goods to under-age teenagers in 2018-19.
L.A. Times - Health
L.A. Times - Health
Health, medicine, wellness and fitness.
10/18/2019 01:44 PM
Column: Pelosi finds a way to save billions by cutting drug prices, but Big Pharma pushes back

A Democratic measure could cut drug prices by hundreds of billions of dollars, but can it pass?


10/17/2019 02:02 PM
Column: California's pot tax came in way below projections — and not for the reason you think

California officials are wondering why marijuana taxes haven't turned out to be a cash cow. Here's the reason.


10/17/2019 11:00 AM
Mirror, Mirror on the wall, can I lose 10 pounds this fall?

Desperate to try to get back into shape, a fitness-challenged woman in her 50s invites a virtual reality trainer into her home.


10/17/2019 09:00 AM
Opioid addiction can be overcome with mindfulness, study suggests

Mindfulness therapy can change brain activity in people addicted to opioids, reducing their cravings and making them more responsive to non-opioid rewards.


All Mayo Clinic health information topics
All Mayo Clinic health information topics
Mayo Clinic offers award-winning medical and health information and tools for healthy living.
10/19/2019 12:00 AM
Office exercise: Add more activity to your workday

10/19/2019 12:00 AM
Diuretics

10/18/2019 12:00 AM
Moisturizers: Options for softer skin

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Eating and exercise: 5 tips to maximize your workouts

10/16/2019 12:00 AM
Barriers to fitness: Overcoming common challenges

10/16/2019 12:00 AM
Morning glory muffins
Morning glory muffins — one of many healthy recipes from Mayo Clinic.
10/16/2019 12:00 AM
Fingernails: Do's and don'ts for healthy nails

10/16/2019 12:00 AM
Recipe makeovers: 5 ways to create healthy recipes

Many recipes can benefit from a healthy overhaul. Here are five ways to reduce the fat, calories and salt in your favorite recipes.


10/16/2019 12:00 AM
Healthy recipes: A guide to ingredient substitutions

10/16/2019 12:00 AM
Sleep aids: Understand over-the-counter options

10/15/2019 12:00 AM
Skin care: 5 tips for healthy skin

 
Copyright 2019 PennsylvaniaHealth.com. All rights reserved. rss Subscribe to our RSS
Information provided here should not be relied on to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition, disease or illness. Please consult with your physician or health care professional for guidance on any health concern. PennsylvaniaHealth.com is a commercial website and is not affiliated with any government agency, university, or private medical center. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE: This site may be compensated for products promoted here. Read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.